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08 Apr 2019
EV effect

How the Growth of Electric Vehicles Will Impact CIOs and Their IT Strategies

It’s no surprise that electric vehicles (EVs) will radically change the automotive industry. The question is if you’re a CIO, do you stay on the sidelines to observe and play conservatively or charge ahead and innovate to grab a share of the market early?

There are suppliers who want to see more certainty and confidence in the market before they dive right in.

But one thing is certain: This shift will drive CIOs to evaluate their current supply chain and rethink their technology. Electrification opens up possibilities that require new software and service platforms for the entire ecosystem. They’ll need to digitally connect with consumers and track things like electricity production, charging stations, and usage. IT can be the driver for mainstream consumer adoption of EVs.

This article gives you a brief summary of a report on electric vehicles by Gartner Analyst Michael Ramsey. You’ll get an overview on the potential sales of EVs, what CIOs in the automotive industry need to know in planning for the future, and what obstacles could slow progress.

Let’s first look at the stats to see the projected growth of EVs.

EV Growth Over the Next Decade

In the last four years, EV sales have tripled, but it’s expected to jump more steadily moved forward. In 2018, production of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles was 1.8 million (1.8% of total vehicles).

According to Gartner, over the next five years automotive companies will spend approximately $260 billion launching more than 200 new EV models.

Edison Electric Institute and the Institute for Electric Innovation forecast approximately 7 million electric vehicles will be traveling on U.S. roads by the end of 2025.

It is projected to take about 10 years to hit mass EV ownership. By 2030, LMC Automotive forecasts sales of battery electric vehicles to climb to 18.1 million. That means hybrid and EVs could make up 48% or more of all car sales in 2030.

What Changes Will EVs Drive?

With the rise of EVs come big changes—from the auto industry to the electricity system to the consumer level. On the other hand, EVs introduce possibilities of competitive advantages in speed, quality, and lower costs. Gartner explains the adjustments CIOs have to consider and the actions they can take preparing for the long term.

There are several major changes, but here we’ll look at two of them.

2 Changes of the EV Effect:

1. EVs reduce part complexity with fewer moving parts.

Mechanically it’s simpler. Gartner interviewed experts at the engineering firm, Munro & Associates. They explained that EVs don’t need parts like the internal combustion engine, transmission , or exhaust systems making the mechanics simpler.

The complexity shifts to the electrical components for things like the electric drive train, reconfigurable interiors, battery and thermal management systems. Electro-mechanical components will also replace hydraulic parts like oil and water pumps.

Benefits: This affects the entire supply chain and means shorter development and assembly times.

Gartner recommends CIOs evaluate and rethink the following:

  • Evaluate the current supply chain.
    • Do your current PLM systems have the capabilities to devleop EVs?
    • Is manufacturing capable of executing the assembly?
    • What is needed to revamp the supply chain and does the existing ERP system work well with it?
  • Compare current software platforms to new third-party software.
    • CIOs should work with engineers, finance, and manufacturing to evaluate existing software and compare new third-party software designed for EVs. Once they determine the shortest path with the best quality and lowest cost, then they can decide if it’s time to change vendors.
  • Develop a case to move to the cloud.
    • IT is responsible for providing smooth communications internally and with customers. now is the time to develop a case to move to cloud-based software that will enable the organization to streamline their operations and information exchange and seamlessly connect to consumers and their EVs.

2. Electrification opens up new opportunities to collaborate.

This is the time to rethink your ERP system and focus on long-term customer experience beyond the sale of the EV. This means collaboration with other companies in the ecosystem and with consumers.

Gartner’s recommendations:

Gartner recommends CIOs use IT to help gather and share information with all parties on critical matters such as charging these vehicles safely, conveniently, and cost effectively. Consumer trust is at stake every step of the way.

Some suggestions include:

  • Create a new system for charging capabilities.
    • Collaborate with utility CIOs to provide vehicle location and charging status to help them plan for electricity production and usage.
    • Work internally and with ERP vendors to create a new system that handles charging issues like battery state of charge (SoC), charging availability, and billing solutions.
    • Create an ongoing dialogue with consumers through new digital services.
  • Develop industry standards and universal charging access to network providers.
    • CIOs can collaborate with and create connections between charging network providers and EV owners through cloud-based identification so they’re not left without resources.
  • Prepare for blockchain solutions for accountability or innovation.
    • Understand and prepare for blockchain solutions where the data is decentralized, easily verifiable, continually updated, and securely validated. Blockchain would allow for accountability of energy generation and energy usage credits for charging EVs.

Obstacles

Even though the future shows high projected growth, there are obstacles that could slow the rise and adoption of EVs.

Some of these obstacles are:

  1. Recharging times still too long: Could take 30 minutes to 12 hours at a charging station.
  2. Lack of public charging stations: Limited charging ability in the workplace and along the highways.
  3. Unacceptable driving ranges: Current driving ranges fall short of the average consumer’s expectations of 245-300 miles before battery needs charging.
  4. Lack of universal connector standards: High-voltage fast charging stations require multiple adapters not usable in some EVs.
  5. Lack of universal access to chargers: Chargers are part of either free, subscription-based, or closed-access disparate networks with limited connections between them.
  6. Consumer appeal has dropped: Higher EV pricing, low gas prices, loss of consumer interest in fuel efficiency, and end of tax credits has limited the appeal to switching to EVs.
  7. Billing and accountability challenges: Challenges in billing and accountability for generating energy and tracking production and usage.
  8. Need more education on EVs: Many consumers don’t understand the difference between an EV and a hybrid, the advantages of EVs, and what car manufacturers really offer.

These 8 obstacles are just a few of the challenges today that could impact the growth of EVs. However, they won’t stop the movement to electrification.

Gartner suggest CIOs understand and keep on top of the obstacles, changes, and opportunities. Evaluate their existing supply chain and IT strategy. Then study the recommendations to prepare for this shift.

CIOs must implement changes that make sense for their company to successfully impact the EV market. Automakers have to strike a balance between ROI and developing smarter technologies that delight and build trust with consumers.

Summary

There is high projected growth in electric vehicles in the next decade. As with any industry disruption, obstacles will get in the way and could slow the rise and adoption of EVs, but won’t stop it.

Electrification will create disruptive changes with new possibilities for CIOs and their IT systems in the automotive industry.

Two major changes include:

  • EVs reduce part complexity with fewer moving parts and will disrupt the supply chain.
  • Electrification opens up new opportunities to collaborate.

IT can be the driver for mainstream consumer adoption of electric vehicles. It’s important for CIOs in this industry to watch the progress, understand the implications, and take advantage of new opportunities with electrified vehicles to succeed.

For more in depth information please read the full Gartner report, “What a CIO Needs to Know About the Rise of Electric Vehicles.”

Do you need help to evaluate your supply chain? We’d be happy to discuss a complete Digital to Physical Product Lifecycle solutions. Contact us today.

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11 Feb 2019

Gartner: How Supply Chain Teams Can Define and Achieve a PPL

Every manufacturer wants a perfect product launch (PPL). But the truth is, most launches are far from ideal. In fact, Gartner reports that more than 40% of the time manufacturers, customers, or both don’t consider product launches perfect.

In their report, “Supply Chain Drives Achievement of Perfect New Product Launches,” Gartner identifies a logical path – and responsible party – for defining comprehensive, enterprise-wide PPLs. The answer, they believe, rests with those managing the supply chain.

The Challenge: Who Owns PPL?

Growth through product improvements and/or new products and services within current market segments are high priorities for CEOs and chief supply chain officers (CSCOs) alike – botoh executive roles see them as key to corporate growth. Unfortunately for CSCs, Gartner says, “It’s unclear what role ‘owns’ the definition and execution of perfect product launches, but as supply chain often bears the most blame when product launches go wrong.”

The flip side of pressure and responsibility is usually opportunity and resources. For CSCOs this can mean the wherewithal to make process improvements-notably, the chance to redefine everything from “product design, development, and launch activities in an end-to-end framework to achieve continuous improvement.” In short, if CSCOs are in the spotlight, they should take the opportunity to define PPL processes and metrics.

But CSCOs should also be careful not to silo themselves. If they first focus on developing a vision and planning improvements, based on what supply chain can control and what metrics their team needs, they only add to another common problem. Gartner found that companies who don’t collaborate with leaders in other business functions aren’t working with a common vision or scorecard for NPI success. Too often, each team within an enterprise, from marketing, R&D, engineering, and manufacturing to end-to-end improvements, has its own objectives for a product launch, with no shared goal or vision. For example, marketing may push more product options to attract more sales, but engineering wants less complexity and change orders to speed up time-to-market. Each team has its own priorities and definition of what “success” means.

3 Things CSCOs Miss When Trying to Achieve a More Predictable PPL

1. Build Engagement with Other Stakeholders

The need is certainly there. Per Gartner, only 11% of companies “believe their functional teams work together to achieve shared NPI goals.” Clearly, almost every manufacturer can do better.

Every business function involved in NPI should be working together to come up with a strategy that increases the chances of a company wide PPL. Bring together all teams contributing to and expecting results in NPI as well as capturing strategies that already exist.

To build the engagement you need with the C-level and other stakeholders, check out another Gartner report, “Win Cross-Functional Stakeholders Over to NPI Improvement Initiatives.”

2. Take inventory of Existing Strategies

Good product launch strategies most likely exist in some functional teams within your organization. This is often a missed opportunity.

As other teams are on board, map out such things as impacts, business challenges, friction, risks, priorities, ad expectations along with customer experience factors. Evaluate their usefulness in reaching a common goal for a more successful PPL strategy for all stakeholders involved.

What type of PPL strategy does your company have?

Gartner examines four different scenarios along with actions CSCOs can take. If you want further information you can download this report.

3. Measure Internal Performance To External Performance

Gartner explains that a manufacturer’s definition of and metrics for PPL success can’t only be internal. As they point out, “You can have a 100% PPL from an internal point of view based on achieving internal target metrics and still have unhappy customers with the finished product.”

Internal metrics includes things like company targets defined for profitability, volume, on-time shipping, etc. External performance is based on the customer’s experience from purchasing to receiving and using the product.

Evaluate Your Processes

How should you work towards creating a cross-functional PPL?

Gartner introduces a five-step approach from evaluate, design and align to pilot and govern. The key is to work cross-functionally and help you create a definition and strategy for a more predictable PPL for all stakeholders as well as the customer. To start, Gartner suggests using their NPI Maturing Model found on page 10 of this report. This model will help you evaluate your current situation along with the likelihood of a PPL strategy being effective. Download the report to get more details.

In Summary

Many supply chain leaders already own NPI standards and PPL. Where they fall short is in creating a PPL definition and strategy that successfully works for all internal stakeholders as well as external, the customer.

Gartner introduces a logical path and strategy for CSCOs to help create a PPL throughout the company. Collaboration, sharing goals and objectives between cross-functional teams, and taking inventory of processes and information is the backbone for success.

07 Feb 2019
Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Symposium

Join Us at the 2019 Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Technologies Symposium

We will be exhibiting at the SAE 2019 Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Technologies Symposium (HVTS) on February 19-21 in sunny Anaheim Garden Grove, CA. We’d love to see you there so please stop by our booth #107.

Are you interested in learning about the latest innovations, applications, and development challenges for hybrid-electric (HEV) and electric vehicles (EV)?

Then you won’t want to miss the forums where vehicle design engineers and management share their experiences. You’ll meet with and takeaway valuable information from OEMs, tier 1 and 2 suppliers, technology specialists, industry researchers, and government officials from the supply chain of EV, HEV, and Extended-Range Electric Vehicles (EREV).

Here’s a peek at some of the sessions:

  • Vehicle Electrification Policy & Market where they discuss California’s Emission Reduction Challenge.
  • Enabling Long-Range EV’s: 180-Mile Charge in 10 Minutes and the Future of Global PEV Range and Electric Consumption
  • Electrified Vehicle Infrastructure from The Advanced Smart Grid to building the nation’s largest, public DC fast charging network.
  • OEM – HEV’s, EV’s, and PHEV’s, from Ford’s Next Generation Electrified Powertrain and Vehicle to Honda’s 2-Motor Hybrid Powertrain for the New INSIGHT.
  • OEM Disruptors, from the Attackers Perspective to NIO Electric SUV Platform’s unique charging strategies.
  • Alternative Vehicle Applications, including the electrification of commercial vehicles to the Electric Bus on the EKO 1 Line in Belgrade.
  • Electrified Powertrain System & Components featuring Through-the-Road Hybrid Demonstrator with In-Wheel Motors to Sparking Safety: Pyrotechnics in Powertrains.
  • ESS Advances in and Beyond LI-ION sharing insights in Mobility for Tomorrow and A New Higher Power Density Battery Cell for Full Hybrid Vehicles in 2019

Find out more details and register for the conference now.

  • And don’t forget to stop by our booth #107. We’ll see you there.
26 Sep 2018
Tire and Science Industry Update

Tire Science & Technology Roundup

Innovation is disrupting every aspect of business and industry. The tire industry is no exception. New technologies include the internet of things (IoT), electric vehicles, and autonomous vehicles. Innovations are pushing tire designers to create new products with embedded technology. These new technologies are already in use and are impacting the automotive industry. How will these trends impact tire development? How will external factors like recycling, sustainability, impact the product lifecycle? What software and SaaS solutions will make your job easier?

Let’s take a look at the trends driving innovation in the tire industry.

Alexa, do my tires need air?

Tire pressure indicators are standard equipment on automobile tires. They’re useful devices as long as you don’t ignore them. I’ve learned that lesson the hard way. There’s nothing worse than waking up on a cold winter morning and your tire is flat.  Wide area networking (WAN) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies will extend tire pressure monitoring beyond the vehicle.

Connesso is a new remote tire monitoring technology from Pirelli. Connesso sends tire maintenance data to the vehicle’s owner via their “Pirelli Cloud” smartphone app.

Pirelli says this new technology recognizes each individual tire via an identification code. They can monitor a tire’s status from when the tire is manufactured to when it is recycled. It monitors tire pressure, temperature, static vertical load, and tire wear. It even keeps track of the number of miles each tire travels.

“Connesso is able to send data to the driver (wirelessly) about the status and maintenance needs of every tire,” said Kevin Hinton, Prestige Activation Manager at Pirelli. “The sensor is connected to the “Pirelli Cloud” and to a smartphone app. The sensor weighs just a few grams and has no effect on the physical performance of the tire.”

Source: Tire News (Canada)

truck tire pressure monitoringIoT is also being used by Continental to track fleet tire performance. ContiConnect uses Vodafone’s IoT SIM technology to collect tire pressure data for commercial fleets.  Every time a truck returns to the fleet terminal, it displays tire performance data in a web portal.

The ContiConnect systems help fleet maintenance managers view data from anywhere. This reduces the need to check the pressure of individual tires.

The service sends a text message and email alerts if a tire issue is identified.

“Fleets no longer have to rely on performing tire pressure checks on tens, hundreds, or even thousands of tires on their vehicles,” said Paul Williams, EVP, Commercial Vehicle Tires in the Americas, Continental. “With ContiConnect, they will know immediately upon returning to the fleet terminal whether any tires have low pressure. Leveraging the Internet of Things saves fleets time and money by protecting their tires, and improves safety for everyone who drives on the roadway.”

Vodafone’s IoT Director Stefano Gestaut said, “This is a great example of how IoT can make real world differences in so many unexpected places. This ensures that truck drivers experience fewer tire-related breakdowns and accidents – making the roads a safer place to be for every vehicle user.”

Source: IOTRevolutionWorld.com


Tire Industry RFID Applications

Remote monitoring can also have a big impact in the tire manufacturing process. RFID tags are miniature radio transmitters. They send radio signals short distances to receivers. These tiny devices are also found in automated toll systems now used on highways and bridges. In the tire industry, RFID tags are attached to rubber or dipped mesh materials.

Processing and mixing — RFID labels attach to the big bags of chemicals and rubber.

Tire manufacturing equipment and machine parts — Stores tire identification data in a database.

Mold management — RFID tags attach to segments, bead rings, container, and molds. The tags create a child/parent relationship between the components. This relationship makes it easy to count the sequence of the segments within the mold.

Material flow within the factory — Attach RFID tags to a carrier material. Material flows are transparent and easy to locate within the factory.

Tire lifecycle monitoring — Vulcanized RFID tags monitors the complete lifecycle of the tire.

RFID tread labels — Addresses logistics challenges such as first-in, first-out and inventory management.

RFID tags also help record proof-of-delivery, store inventory, and matching tires to end-users to support the recall process.

Source: Rubber and Plastics News


Electric Vehicle Tire Trendselectric vehicle tires | Adaptive Corp.

Plug-in electric vehicles (EV) are poised to make a huge impact on the automotive industry over the next twenty years. According to GlobalData, a data and analytics company, electric vehicles are set to bring a significant transformation to the automotive industry.

The electric vehicle is one of four items that are disrupting the legacy automotive industry – joining the connected car, autonomous driving technology, and transport-as-a-service.

This doesn’t come as a surprise, as EV adoption rates are climbing throughout the world. Additionally, all three other items are set to revolutionize several fields, most notably the safety aspect brought on by the autonomous driving technology. The latest report by GlobalData titled Electric vehicles – Thematic Research report that globally, there are now only 3 million electric vehicles on the roads, this could rise to a staggering 300 million by 2040.

Source: Inside EVs

But what effect will this growth of EVs have on the tire industry?

There are many factors to consider when designing tires for EVs. Durability will be a key factor due to the weight of the battery packs. Electric motors produce higher torque wearing tires out 10-30 percent faster.

A Goodyear spokesman said people drive about 10 trillion miles a year. That’s expected to double by 2030 thanks to emerging automobile trends. These trends are favorable for tire makers. For instance, electric vehicle sales will need 57 million tires by 2020.

Durability will be a key demand because EVs are heavier thanks to their battery packs. The spokesman said they also have a higher torque going to the wheels from electric motors. EV tires will wear out  10-30 percent faster than tires on internal combustion engines.

“As we look ahead to what’s required in future mobility, we’re planning for the curve in the road ahead, and we’re working with the OEMs to be ahead of that curve,” the Goodyear spokesman said. “Our anticipation is to be on those next-generation vehicles that will come to our dealers’ stores, just like they’re coming today.”

Requirements of EV Tires

Durability —  Electric Vehicles (EVs) produce more torque. Tires need to be more durable.

Weight —  Electric vehicles are heavier. Sidewalls need to be stronger.

Improved efficiency —  Tires need less rolling resistance to increase range between charges.

Low noise —  Electric vehicles are quiet so tires need to be quiet too.


From Driving to Riding—Future Vehicle Technologies

Autonomous Vehicle Tires | Adaptive CorpAutonomous driving (AD) vehicles are coming. Driverless vehicles will have a major impact on the automotive industry and society. The push for AD vehicles is being led by safety advocates. Over one million deaths occur on the world’s roadways every year.  Over 50% of those deaths involve human error according to the Smithers Rapra market report “The Future of Autonomous Vehicles and the Impact on Tire Markets to 2026.” Tires are a major component in the AD of the future since they maintain contact with the road.  They will also contain various sensors to detect and report road conditions.

Continental’s CEO Elmar Degenhart explains: “Tires will become a key part of our sensor network in the car. On this basis, we are working on a complete system for anticipatory driving that is able to learn.”

Safety features will also be important on AD vehicles.  For instance, run-flat tires will be standard on all autonomous vehicles. The report predicts tire pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) will be mandatory by 2026.

Source: Tire Review


Look ma, no air – future tires to be 3D printed from sustainable materials

3D Printed Tire Concept | Michelin

According to Michelin, the worldwide recovery rate of tires is 70% and the recycling rate is 50%. Today, Michelin is investing in research to boost the recovery rate to 80%. They recently acquired Lehigh Technologies, specialists in high-technology micro powders created from recyclable tires. Michelin will expand their usage of micronized rubber products (MRPs). These products cut down on non-renewable materials like elastomers and carbon black.

Michelin launched the VISION program to develop a new type of tire. Their goal is to produce a 3D printed solid tire made of 100% recyclable materials.

The features of the VISION concept are:

  • An airless tire made of bio-sourced and recycled products
  • A connected eco-system within the tire, providing services and advice to the driver
  • A bio-degradable tread that can be renewed with a 3D printer

Source:  A Future VISION from Michelin


New tire technologies make a positive impact on the economy and the environment

Improvements in product design, testing, and simulation software boost the product design process. Auto and tire companies are developing products in shorter time cycles. Consumers are responding to more choices with higher spending.  But unlike the industrial revolution companies are not polluting or destroying the environment. In fact, these renewable materials will have little impact on our fragile environment.

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Additional Tire and Science Resources

Recorded Webinar:

Digital Twin Workflows for Elastomer Durability
The Adaptive Corporation and Endurica recently hosted a discussion of recent tire testing and simulation developments. The Digital Twin add-on enables incremental/multi-step fatigue analysis workflows, as well as the calculation of remaining life.

The webinar includes a conceptual introduction to the analysis of multistep duty cycles, as well as practical applications including:

  • Offshore Flexjoint
  • Transmission Mount
  • Tire Under FMVSS Durability Test Conditions

 

21 Aug 2018
Humanetics | 3D Printing | Adaptive Corp.

Crash Test Dummies Featured in Thomas Industry Video

Humanetics ATD, a manufacturer of crash test dummies is making a big splash in the Additive Manufacturing press. Adaptive featured Humanetics and their elderly dummy in a recent case study. The article described how they used the Markforged Mark II 3D printer and the ONYX material in the manufacturing process.

Thomas Industry Updates produced their own video starring our beloved elderly crash test dummies.

Watch the video taking the additive manufacturing industry by storm.