Transportation & Mobility %%%%

Category: Transportation & Mobility

08 Apr 2019
EV effect

How the Growth of Electric Vehicles Will Impact CIOs and Their IT Strategies

It’s no surprise that electric vehicles (EVs) will radically change the automotive industry. The question is if you’re a CIO, do you stay on the sidelines to observe and play conservatively or charge ahead and innovate to grab a share of the market early?

There are suppliers who want to see more certainty and confidence in the market before they dive right in.

But one thing is certain: This shift will drive CIOs to evaluate their current supply chain and rethink their technology. Electrification opens up possibilities that require new software and service platforms for the entire ecosystem. They’ll need to digitally connect with consumers and track things like electricity production, charging stations, and usage. IT can be the driver for mainstream consumer adoption of EVs.

This article gives you a brief summary of a report on electric vehicles by Gartner Analyst Michael Ramsey. You’ll get an overview on the potential sales of EVs, what CIOs in the automotive industry need to know in planning for the future, and what obstacles could slow progress.

Let’s first look at the stats to see the projected growth of EVs.

EV Growth Over the Next Decade

In the last four years, EV sales have tripled, but it’s expected to jump more steadily moved forward. In 2018, production of battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles was 1.8 million (1.8% of total vehicles).

According to Gartner, over the next five years automotive companies will spend approximately $260 billion launching more than 200 new EV models.

Edison Electric Institute and the Institute for Electric Innovation forecast approximately 7 million electric vehicles will be traveling on U.S. roads by the end of 2025.

It is projected to take about 10 years to hit mass EV ownership. By 2030, LMC Automotive forecasts sales of battery electric vehicles to climb to 18.1 million. That means hybrid and EVs could make up 48% or more of all car sales in 2030.

What Changes Will EVs Drive?

With the rise of EVs come big changes—from the auto industry to the electricity system to the consumer level. On the other hand, EVs introduce possibilities of competitive advantages in speed, quality, and lower costs. Gartner explains the adjustments CIOs have to consider and the actions they can take preparing for the long term.

There are several major changes, but here we’ll look at two of them.

2 Changes of the EV Effect:

1. EVs reduce part complexity with fewer moving parts.

Mechanically it’s simpler. Gartner interviewed experts at the engineering firm, Munro & Associates. They explained that EVs don’t need parts like the internal combustion engine, transmission , or exhaust systems making the mechanics simpler.

The complexity shifts to the electrical components for things like the electric drive train, reconfigurable interiors, battery and thermal management systems. Electro-mechanical components will also replace hydraulic parts like oil and water pumps.

Benefits: This affects the entire supply chain and means shorter development and assembly times.

Gartner recommends CIOs evaluate and rethink the following:

  • Evaluate the current supply chain.
    • Do your current PLM systems have the capabilities to devleop EVs?
    • Is manufacturing capable of executing the assembly?
    • What is needed to revamp the supply chain and does the existing ERP system work well with it?
  • Compare current software platforms to new third-party software.
    • CIOs should work with engineers, finance, and manufacturing to evaluate existing software and compare new third-party software designed for EVs. Once they determine the shortest path with the best quality and lowest cost, then they can decide if it’s time to change vendors.
  • Develop a case to move to the cloud.
    • IT is responsible for providing smooth communications internally and with customers. now is the time to develop a case to move to cloud-based software that will enable the organization to streamline their operations and information exchange and seamlessly connect to consumers and their EVs.

2. Electrification opens up new opportunities to collaborate.

This is the time to rethink your ERP system and focus on long-term customer experience beyond the sale of the EV. This means collaboration with other companies in the ecosystem and with consumers.

Gartner’s recommendations:

Gartner recommends CIOs use IT to help gather and share information with all parties on critical matters such as charging these vehicles safely, conveniently, and cost effectively. Consumer trust is at stake every step of the way.

Some suggestions include:

  • Create a new system for charging capabilities.
    • Collaborate with utility CIOs to provide vehicle location and charging status to help them plan for electricity production and usage.
    • Work internally and with ERP vendors to create a new system that handles charging issues like battery state of charge (SoC), charging availability, and billing solutions.
    • Create an ongoing dialogue with consumers through new digital services.
  • Develop industry standards and universal charging access to network providers.
    • CIOs can collaborate with and create connections between charging network providers and EV owners through cloud-based identification so they’re not left without resources.
  • Prepare for blockchain solutions for accountability or innovation.
    • Understand and prepare for blockchain solutions where the data is decentralized, easily verifiable, continually updated, and securely validated. Blockchain would allow for accountability of energy generation and energy usage credits for charging EVs.

Obstacles

Even though the future shows high projected growth, there are obstacles that could slow the rise and adoption of EVs.

Some of these obstacles are:

  1. Recharging times still too long: Could take 30 minutes to 12 hours at a charging station.
  2. Lack of public charging stations: Limited charging ability in the workplace and along the highways.
  3. Unacceptable driving ranges: Current driving ranges fall short of the average consumer’s expectations of 245-300 miles before battery needs charging.
  4. Lack of universal connector standards: High-voltage fast charging stations require multiple adapters not usable in some EVs.
  5. Lack of universal access to chargers: Chargers are part of either free, subscription-based, or closed-access disparate networks with limited connections between them.
  6. Consumer appeal has dropped: Higher EV pricing, low gas prices, loss of consumer interest in fuel efficiency, and end of tax credits has limited the appeal to switching to EVs.
  7. Billing and accountability challenges: Challenges in billing and accountability for generating energy and tracking production and usage.
  8. Need more education on EVs: Many consumers don’t understand the difference between an EV and a hybrid, the advantages of EVs, and what car manufacturers really offer.

These 8 obstacles are just a few of the challenges today that could impact the growth of EVs. However, they won’t stop the movement to electrification.

Gartner suggest CIOs understand and keep on top of the obstacles, changes, and opportunities. Evaluate their existing supply chain and IT strategy. Then study the recommendations to prepare for this shift.

CIOs must implement changes that make sense for their company to successfully impact the EV market. Automakers have to strike a balance between ROI and developing smarter technologies that delight and build trust with consumers.

Summary

There is high projected growth in electric vehicles in the next decade. As with any industry disruption, obstacles will get in the way and could slow the rise and adoption of EVs, but won’t stop it.

Electrification will create disruptive changes with new possibilities for CIOs and their IT systems in the automotive industry.

Two major changes include:

  • EVs reduce part complexity with fewer moving parts and will disrupt the supply chain.
  • Electrification opens up new opportunities to collaborate.

IT can be the driver for mainstream consumer adoption of electric vehicles. It’s important for CIOs in this industry to watch the progress, understand the implications, and take advantage of new opportunities with electrified vehicles to succeed.

For more in depth information please read the full Gartner report, “What a CIO Needs to Know About the Rise of Electric Vehicles.”

Do you need help to evaluate your supply chain? We’d be happy to discuss a complete Digital to Physical Product Lifecycle solutions. Contact us today.

  1.  

 

07 Feb 2019
Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Symposium

Join Us at the 2019 Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Technologies Symposium

We will be exhibiting at the SAE 2019 Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Technologies Symposium (HVTS) on February 19-21 in sunny Anaheim Garden Grove, CA. We’d love to see you there so please stop by our booth #107.

Are you interested in learning about the latest innovations, applications, and development challenges for hybrid-electric (HEV) and electric vehicles (EV)?

Then you won’t want to miss the forums where vehicle design engineers and management share their experiences. You’ll meet with and takeaway valuable information from OEMs, tier 1 and 2 suppliers, technology specialists, industry researchers, and government officials from the supply chain of EV, HEV, and Extended-Range Electric Vehicles (EREV).

Here’s a peek at some of the sessions:

  • Vehicle Electrification Policy & Market where they discuss California’s Emission Reduction Challenge.
  • Enabling Long-Range EV’s: 180-Mile Charge in 10 Minutes and the Future of Global PEV Range and Electric Consumption
  • Electrified Vehicle Infrastructure from The Advanced Smart Grid to building the nation’s largest, public DC fast charging network.
  • OEM – HEV’s, EV’s, and PHEV’s, from Ford’s Next Generation Electrified Powertrain and Vehicle to Honda’s 2-Motor Hybrid Powertrain for the New INSIGHT.
  • OEM Disruptors, from the Attackers Perspective to NIO Electric SUV Platform’s unique charging strategies.
  • Alternative Vehicle Applications, including the electrification of commercial vehicles to the Electric Bus on the EKO 1 Line in Belgrade.
  • Electrified Powertrain System & Components featuring Through-the-Road Hybrid Demonstrator with In-Wheel Motors to Sparking Safety: Pyrotechnics in Powertrains.
  • ESS Advances in and Beyond LI-ION sharing insights in Mobility for Tomorrow and A New Higher Power Density Battery Cell for Full Hybrid Vehicles in 2019

Find out more details and register for the conference now.

  • And don’t forget to stop by our booth #107. We’ll see you there.
26 Sep 2018
Tire and Science Industry Update

Tire Science & Technology Roundup

Innovation is disrupting every aspect of business and industry. The tire industry is no exception. New technologies include the internet of things (IoT), electric vehicles, and autonomous vehicles. Innovations are pushing tire designers to create new products with embedded technology. These new technologies are already in use and are impacting the automotive industry. How will these trends impact tire development? How will external factors like recycling, sustainability, impact the product lifecycle? What software and SaaS solutions will make your job easier?

Let’s take a look at the trends driving innovation in the tire industry.

Alexa, do my tires need air?

Tire pressure indicators are standard equipment on automobile tires. They’re useful devices as long as you don’t ignore them. I’ve learned that lesson the hard way. There’s nothing worse than waking up on a cold winter morning and your tire is flat.  Wide area networking (WAN) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies will extend tire pressure monitoring beyond the vehicle.

Connesso is a new remote tire monitoring technology from Pirelli. Connesso sends tire maintenance data to the vehicle’s owner via their “Pirelli Cloud” smartphone app.

Pirelli says this new technology recognizes each individual tire via an identification code. They can monitor a tire’s status from when the tire is manufactured to when it is recycled. It monitors tire pressure, temperature, static vertical load, and tire wear. It even keeps track of the number of miles each tire travels.

“Connesso is able to send data to the driver (wirelessly) about the status and maintenance needs of every tire,” said Kevin Hinton, Prestige Activation Manager at Pirelli. “The sensor is connected to the “Pirelli Cloud” and to a smartphone app. The sensor weighs just a few grams and has no effect on the physical performance of the tire.”

Source: Tire News (Canada)

truck tire pressure monitoringIoT is also being used by Continental to track fleet tire performance. ContiConnect uses Vodafone’s IoT SIM technology to collect tire pressure data for commercial fleets.  Every time a truck returns to the fleet terminal, it displays tire performance data in a web portal.

The ContiConnect systems help fleet maintenance managers view data from anywhere. This reduces the need to check the pressure of individual tires.

The service sends a text message and email alerts if a tire issue is identified.

“Fleets no longer have to rely on performing tire pressure checks on tens, hundreds, or even thousands of tires on their vehicles,” said Paul Williams, EVP, Commercial Vehicle Tires in the Americas, Continental. “With ContiConnect, they will know immediately upon returning to the fleet terminal whether any tires have low pressure. Leveraging the Internet of Things saves fleets time and money by protecting their tires, and improves safety for everyone who drives on the roadway.”

Vodafone’s IoT Director Stefano Gestaut said, “This is a great example of how IoT can make real world differences in so many unexpected places. This ensures that truck drivers experience fewer tire-related breakdowns and accidents – making the roads a safer place to be for every vehicle user.”

Source: IOTRevolutionWorld.com


Tire Industry RFID Applications

Remote monitoring can also have a big impact in the tire manufacturing process. RFID tags are miniature radio transmitters. They send radio signals short distances to receivers. These tiny devices are also found in automated toll systems now used on highways and bridges. In the tire industry, RFID tags are attached to rubber or dipped mesh materials.

Processing and mixing — RFID labels attach to the big bags of chemicals and rubber.

Tire manufacturing equipment and machine parts — Stores tire identification data in a database.

Mold management — RFID tags attach to segments, bead rings, container, and molds. The tags create a child/parent relationship between the components. This relationship makes it easy to count the sequence of the segments within the mold.

Material flow within the factory — Attach RFID tags to a carrier material. Material flows are transparent and easy to locate within the factory.

Tire lifecycle monitoring — Vulcanized RFID tags monitors the complete lifecycle of the tire.

RFID tread labels — Addresses logistics challenges such as first-in, first-out and inventory management.

RFID tags also help record proof-of-delivery, store inventory, and matching tires to end-users to support the recall process.

Source: Rubber and Plastics News


Electric Vehicle Tire Trendselectric vehicle tires | Adaptive Corp.

Plug-in electric vehicles (EV) are poised to make a huge impact on the automotive industry over the next twenty years. According to GlobalData, a data and analytics company, electric vehicles are set to bring a significant transformation to the automotive industry.

The electric vehicle is one of four items that are disrupting the legacy automotive industry – joining the connected car, autonomous driving technology, and transport-as-a-service.

This doesn’t come as a surprise, as EV adoption rates are climbing throughout the world. Additionally, all three other items are set to revolutionize several fields, most notably the safety aspect brought on by the autonomous driving technology. The latest report by GlobalData titled Electric vehicles – Thematic Research report that globally, there are now only 3 million electric vehicles on the roads, this could rise to a staggering 300 million by 2040.

Source: Inside EVs

But what effect will this growth of EVs have on the tire industry?

There are many factors to consider when designing tires for EVs. Durability will be a key factor due to the weight of the battery packs. Electric motors produce higher torque wearing tires out 10-30 percent faster.

A Goodyear spokesman said people drive about 10 trillion miles a year. That’s expected to double by 2030 thanks to emerging automobile trends. These trends are favorable for tire makers. For instance, electric vehicle sales will need 57 million tires by 2020.

Durability will be a key demand because EVs are heavier thanks to their battery packs. The spokesman said they also have a higher torque going to the wheels from electric motors. EV tires will wear out  10-30 percent faster than tires on internal combustion engines.

“As we look ahead to what’s required in future mobility, we’re planning for the curve in the road ahead, and we’re working with the OEMs to be ahead of that curve,” the Goodyear spokesman said. “Our anticipation is to be on those next-generation vehicles that will come to our dealers’ stores, just like they’re coming today.”

Requirements of EV Tires

Durability —  Electric Vehicles (EVs) produce more torque. Tires need to be more durable.

Weight —  Electric vehicles are heavier. Sidewalls need to be stronger.

Improved efficiency —  Tires need less rolling resistance to increase range between charges.

Low noise —  Electric vehicles are quiet so tires need to be quiet too.


From Driving to Riding—Future Vehicle Technologies

Autonomous Vehicle Tires | Adaptive CorpAutonomous driving (AD) vehicles are coming. Driverless vehicles will have a major impact on the automotive industry and society. The push for AD vehicles is being led by safety advocates. Over one million deaths occur on the world’s roadways every year.  Over 50% of those deaths involve human error according to the Smithers Rapra market report “The Future of Autonomous Vehicles and the Impact on Tire Markets to 2026.” Tires are a major component in the AD of the future since they maintain contact with the road.  They will also contain various sensors to detect and report road conditions.

Continental’s CEO Elmar Degenhart explains: “Tires will become a key part of our sensor network in the car. On this basis, we are working on a complete system for anticipatory driving that is able to learn.”

Safety features will also be important on AD vehicles.  For instance, run-flat tires will be standard on all autonomous vehicles. The report predicts tire pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) will be mandatory by 2026.

Source: Tire Review


Look ma, no air – future tires to be 3D printed from sustainable materials

3D Printed Tire Concept | Michelin

According to Michelin, the worldwide recovery rate of tires is 70% and the recycling rate is 50%. Today, Michelin is investing in research to boost the recovery rate to 80%. They recently acquired Lehigh Technologies, specialists in high-technology micro powders created from recyclable tires. Michelin will expand their usage of micronized rubber products (MRPs). These products cut down on non-renewable materials like elastomers and carbon black.

Michelin launched the VISION program to develop a new type of tire. Their goal is to produce a 3D printed solid tire made of 100% recyclable materials.

The features of the VISION concept are:

  • An airless tire made of bio-sourced and recycled products
  • A connected eco-system within the tire, providing services and advice to the driver
  • A bio-degradable tread that can be renewed with a 3D printer

Source:  A Future VISION from Michelin


New tire technologies make a positive impact on the economy and the environment

Improvements in product design, testing, and simulation software boost the product design process. Auto and tire companies are developing products in shorter time cycles. Consumers are responding to more choices with higher spending.  But unlike the industrial revolution companies are not polluting or destroying the environment. In fact, these renewable materials will have little impact on our fragile environment.

Subscribe to our newsletter to receive future updates on the Tire Science industry.


Additional Tire and Science Resources

Recorded Webinar:

Digital Twin Workflows for Elastomer Durability
The Adaptive Corporation and Endurica recently hosted a discussion of recent tire testing and simulation developments. The Digital Twin add-on enables incremental/multi-step fatigue analysis workflows, as well as the calculation of remaining life.

The webinar includes a conceptual introduction to the analysis of multistep duty cycles, as well as practical applications including:

  • Offshore Flexjoint
  • Transmission Mount
  • Tire Under FMVSS Durability Test Conditions

 

21 Aug 2018
Humanetics | 3D Printing | Adaptive Corp.

Crash Test Dummies Featured in Thomas Industry Video

Humanetics ATD, a manufacturer of crash test dummies is making a big splash in the Additive Manufacturing press. Adaptive featured Humanetics and their elderly dummy in a recent case study. The article described how they used the Markforged Mark II 3D printer and the ONYX material in the manufacturing process.

Thomas Industry Updates produced their own video starring our beloved elderly crash test dummies.

Watch the video taking the additive manufacturing industry by storm.

09 Oct 2018

Spend Two Days with SIMULIA Technical Experts and Users

Join Adaptive at the SIMULIA Great Lakes Regional User Meeting (RUM)

Date: October 10-11, 2018
Time: 8:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m EST
Location: Conference and Event Center (CEC) – Dearborn, Michigan

Join SIMULIA users from the Transportation and Mobility industries to learn about new simulation technologies. Attend this free technology meeting to interact with SIMULIA experts and network with other users in your area.

Update: Adaptive simulation expert to present at the partner breakout session

Title: Simulation Driven Design using the 3DEXPERIENCE Platform

Thursday, October 11 at 1:30 PM

Presenter, Maria Sullivan, Senior Application Engineer, Adaptive Corporation

Abstract:

Collaborate, Innovate, Design, Simulate and Build faster.

In today’s product development world, teams are challenged to drive development costs down, shorten design cycles exponentially and deliver superior products to their customers. Simulation is a key driver in this process. To help demonstrate how product development teams can achieve success, our fictional sports equipment company was founded. To compete in an ever-changing market, this company must rapidly and accurately deliver an innovative golf driver and putter. Leveraging the 3DEXPERIENCE platform, this company’s simulation team seamlessly interacted and collaborated with the entire project team to influence design decisions. The team drafted design concepts, set up a project schedule and assigned tasks, developed and validated these concepts with simulation, and visualized these designs with real-time rendering and Virtual Reality applications. There was no loss of information in translation. The team functioned as a collaborative entity, rather than a hands-off approach between individuals. With this strategy, the simulation team focused more on their expertise, and less on revision tracking, delivery and weighty presentation of results for the rest of the team. The end result was a much faster go-to-market time with a better and more competitive product.

PRELIMINARY AGENDA

Wednesday, October 10

Morning Track

  • Plenary Session featuring Customer Keynote and SIMULIA General Lectures

Afternoon Track

  • Electric Vehicles
  • Materials & Multiscale Technology
  • 3DEXPERIENCE platform and SIMULIA portfolio solutions

Thursday, October 11

All Day Tracks

  • Durability Solutions
  • Process Automation & Optimization
  • Electromagnetics: CST Automotive Symposium
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics

Additive and Advanced Manufacturing (AAM) Symposium

Morning Track: Multibody Dynamics
Afternoon Track: Noise and Vibration